The wrist joint includes eight small bones connected with ligaments and tendons (bands of tissue).
Wrist pain is usually due to injury from squashing of the nerves that pass through the wrist. It can result from sprains or fractures or long-term use of wrist in repetitive actions, sport requiring extension of wrist, arthritis and carpal tunnel syndrome.
Sudden impact from falling on outstretched hand. This causes strain, sprain and even fractures. A scaphoid fracture involves a bone on the thumb side of the wrist. This type of fracture may not show up on X-rays immediately after the injury.
Repetitive stress from any activity that involves repetitive wrist motion for hours on end without a break, eg playing tennis, violin when you perform the movement
Carpal tunnel syndrome arises from increased pressure on the median nerve as it passes through the carpal tunnel, a passageway in the palm side of your wrist. eg. typing
Ganglion cysts are soft tissue cysts that grow between wrist bones, and pain if they press on the nerve.
Arthritis gives rise to joint inflammation, stiffness and pain.
How to manage
- Build bone strength - get adequate amounts of calcium.
- Prevent falls.
- Take regular breaks at work or play.
- Wrist exercises may work to prevent work-related hazard.