Joints connect the bones, providing support and movement. Any damage to the joints from disease or injury can cause a lot of pain. Many different conditions can lead to painful joints, including osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, bursitis, gout, strains, sprains, and other injuries.
Knee pain is an extremely common joint pain that can originate in any of the bony structures compromising the knee joint, knee cap, or the ligaments and cartilage (meniscus) of the knee. Knee pain can be aggravated by physical activity and obesity.
Knee pain can be caused by acute injury, such as a broken bone, torn ligament, meniscal tear or an underlying medical condition.
Rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, infections or chronic conditions, such as osteoarthritis, chondromalacia, IT band syndrome, patellar syndromes, tendinitis and bursitis could be any of the underlying medical conditions leading to knee pain.
Acute knee injuries
- An acute injury of the knee joint is the result of a single incident – such as a twist, fall, excessive force or direct blow from a solid object. This damages one or more structures, for example, tearing a meniscus or a ligament.
- Knee dislocation can compromise blood flow to the leg and have other related problems. This injury often occurs during a motor-vehicle accident when the knee hits the dashboard.
How to manage
Swimming or water exercises are advisable for chronic pain. Whatever you do, respect and listen to your body. If it hurts, change what you are doing. If you are fatigued, consider stopping -- many injuries occur when people are tired.
Protect the knee
Kneepads during contact sports or safe driving with seatbelt could be some ways of protecting the knee.