While the most obvious causes of ankle pain could be caused by a known injury, a more serious cause could be arthritis and related conditions. Symptoms of inflammation are redness, joint swelling, pain, stiffness and loss of function.
- Reasons for injury could be overuse or loss of elasticity of tendon. - Arthritis are of different types and could be due to inflammatory conditions, breakdown of cartilage (cushion) or deposition of uric acid crystals in the joints.
Achilles tendinitis occurs due to overuse of the Achilles tendon - the tissue that connects the calf muscle to the back of the heel.
The first treatment approach is the reduction of pain and swelling with rest, ice, compression and elevation (RICE) of the affected area.
Achilles tendinopathy occurs when there is loss of the elasticity (collagen) of the Achilles tendon due to repetitive overloading.
Treatments for tendinopathy that do not respond to physical therapy include dry needling of the tendon or platelet rich plasma injections.
Achilles tendon rupture is a more serious injury due to sudden overload or agony to the Achilles tendon.
If in case the tendon is completely torn, surgery may be needed.
Managing inflammation and pain in case of ankle sprains and injuries:
For immediate at-home treatment of ankle pain, the RICE method is recommended. This includes:
Rest: Give adequate rest to the ankle.
Ice: Bag of ice 20 minutes at a time on the area, with 90 minutes between icing sessions, three to five times a day for three days after the injury
Compression: Wrap with an elastic bandage
Elevation: Keep the ankle raised above heart level on a stack of pillows