Printed From:

Intestino umano

Types of Headaches – causes and symptoms

Different types of headaches are triggered by different causes and they occur at various locations. For instance, while some headaches appear behind one or both eyes, some capture your temple area. Most headaches are classified into primary and secondary headaches. Primary headaches aren’t triggered by an illness or allergies. The pain in your head is the condition. Secondary headaches, on the other hand, are the result of something else that is going on in your body. Treating the cause of the headache can bring relief.

Primary headaches:

  • Cluster headaches
  • Migraine headaches
  • Tension headaches

Secondary headaches:

  • Hormonal headaches
  • Allergy or sinus headaches
  • Hypertension headaches
  • Exertion headaches
  • Post-traumatic headaches
Thumb image

Cluster headaches

A burning or piercing pain around or behind one eye or on one side of the face is usually the sign of a cluster headache. Redness, swelling, teary eyes, nasal congestion and sweating on the affected side of the face are common symptoms. Medical practitioners are still unsure about the causes of cluster headaches. Cluster headaches are three times more common in men as compared to women.

Thumb image

Migraine headaches

Migraine is a throbbing ache that usually occurs on one side of the head. It can be characterized as an intense pulling from deep within your head. If migraine attacks run in your family, you are likely to develop the same. People suffering from migraine headaches are often sensitive to sound and light. Vomiting, nausea and blind spots are a few more common symptoms of migraines. Women are three times more likely to have migraine attacks as compared to men.

Thumb image

Tension headaches

A dull, aching feeling all over your head is usually the sign of a tension headache. This type of headache is triggered by stress and most people experience it at some point in their life. Sensitivity or tenderness around the neck, scalp or shoulder muscles is common when one suffers from a tension headache.

Here are a few types of secondary headaches:

Thumb image

Hormonal headaches

Hormonal fluctuations are the leading cause of this type of headache. From menstruation and birth control to pregnancy, fluctuations in the estrogen level can cause a hormone headache. Headaches that occur with your menstrual cycle are known as menstrual migraine. A menstrual migraine can occur before, during or after menses or even at the time of ovulation.

Thumb image

Allergy or sinus headaches

The pain from this type of headache is usually focused in the sinus area as well as in the front of your head. People suffering from chronic seasonal allergies or sinusitis are susceptible to this kind of headache. An achy feeling in your upper teeth, a stuffy nose and fatigue are some of the most common symptoms of a sinus headache.

Thumb image

Hypertension headaches

When your blood pressure becomes dangerously high, you’re at a risk of developing what is known as a hypertension headache. This kind of a headache signals that you need to get medical attention immediately. Exhibiting a pulsating quality, a hypertension headache occurs on both sides of the head. Some of the symptoms of this kind of headache are numbness or tingling, change in vision, chest pain, nosebleeds or shortness of breath. Those suffering from or treating high blood pressure are likely to develop this kind of headache from time to time. Fortunately, these headaches go away as soon as the blood pressure is under control.

Thumb image

Exertion headaches

Not many are aware that intense physical activity can result in a headache too. Running, weightlifting and sexual intercourse are common causes of exertion headaches. But why does this happen? It’s because these activities can lead to an increased blood flow to your skull and cause your head to throb on both sides. Exertion headaches don’t last too long and usually resolve within a few minutes or hours.

Thumb image

Post-traumatic headaches

If you’ve suffered a head injury, you can develop a post-traumatic headache. This kind of a headache is like the one you get from a migraine or a tension-type headache. Unfortunately, these headaches can last up to 6 to 12 months after your injury and they tend to become chronic.